A sophisticated Swiss watch manufacturer with its origins going as far back as 1791. Girard-Perregaux was founded in 1856 by Constant Girard and his wife, Marie Perregaux. In 1880, Girard-Perregaux manufactured the first ever commercial production of a wristwatch. Those watches were made for German naval officers and ordered by German Kaiser Wilhelm I for his German naval officers. Approximately 2,000 watches were ordered and produced at that time. Girard Perregaux designed and manufactured its own movements including a complicated tourbillion with three gold bridges. Girard-Perregaux has almost 80 patents in the watch making department. This company is the main source of some of these innovations that are still in effect today.